To increase the fruit tree planting efficiency, on the one hand, to increase income through high yield, high quality, improved packaging, etc. On the other hand, it is necessary to rationally allocate the production factors in the orchard to reduce the cost without affecting the yield and quality. The main way is as follows:
First, to simplify the tree structure, reduce the pruning labor, such as the trunk sparse tree structure commonly used by Apple in the past, the pruning operation is cumbersome and difficult to grasp by the majority of farmers. However, with the implementation of the dwarf planting orchard, the structure of the slender spine-shaped and improved free-spinning pod-shaped tree is greatly simplified. In pruning, only pruning and branching are used, and there is no need for short cuts. Greatly reduces the amount of trimming operations and is easily mastered by the grower.
Second, improve pest control methods, reduce the number of spraying and the amount of drugs such as killing pests with a variety of trapping agents, just hang the trapping agent tank on the tree plus a small amount of pesticides; build a good orchard ecology, so that The biological community in the orchard maintains dynamic balance, which can control the occurrence of pests and diseases; accurate measurement and reporting of pests and diseases, failure to control the prevention of pesticide spraying; scientific cultivation measures or resistance to pests and diseases, gene technology, enhance fruit tree resilience, etc. Can reduce or even replace the spray control, save the cost of drugs and artificial machinery and other expenses.
Third, promotion of orchard grass, the implementation of soil-free cultivation Orchard grass is planted in the orchard useful for fruit trees, the world's developed countries have been popular for more than 50 years, the penetration rate of 90%. At present, the dominant grass species is white clover, which can rapidly increase soil organic matter, improve soil and fertility. The annual fixed nitrogen equivalent to 23-30 kilograms of urea after entering the ping area can satisfy the majority of the fruit tree's demand for nitrogen fertilizer, which reduces the cost of fertilizing and the cost of labor, and eliminates the tedious work of soil cultivation. White clover itself is a very good source of honey plants and high-quality feed, can attract a large number of bees to enter the park for fruit tree pollination, promote fruit set, but also to raise livestock and poultry, increase profits; also is an excellent biological measures to improve salt and alkaline soil, while being able to degrade Some harmful substances in the soil in order to avoid damage to fruit trees.
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