1. Fertilizer Fertilizer Planting 400 kg of peanut pods per acre in advance of site preparation requires the application of quality farmyard fertilizer 4500 kg, urea 15 kg, superphosphate 50-60 kg, potassium sulfate 15 kg, and borax 1 kg. In winter and winter, the fields will be ploughed deep into the frozen soil and intensively cultivated before sowing.
Second, careful selection of seeds, seed dressing should choose early-maturing high-yield and high-quality varieties of Huaihua No.4, Huaihua No.5 and Zhonghua series. When sowing, 40 to 80 grams of rhizobia per 10 kg of kernels, 150 grams of water and 40 grams of ammonium molybdate are mixed. Note that seeds mixed with Rhizobium must be protected from light; mixed seeds should be protected from poisoning by humans and animals.
Third, the fine sowing peanuts sowing seedlings requires 5 to 10 cm above the ground surface temperature stability to reach 15 Â°C above, therefore, the use of mulching film cultivation, sowing time is generally in mid-April. Sowing density is generally about 10,000 holes per acre sowing, 2 to 3 per hole, to ensure that 2 per hole. The sowing depth is generally about 5 cm.
Fourth, spray film after sowing, dicotyledonous weeds are more fields should be sprayed Dole weeding, spraying avoid turning soil and timely cover film protection. Cover film to do the wind, slow release, paving, tightening, solid, compact, surrounded by solid film edge. At present, it is appropriate to choose a microfilm with a thickness of 0.005mm and a width of 2m.
V. Timely seedling planting more than 10 days later, the cotyledon unearthed in a timely manner with a sharp knife to break the film and put the seedlings, so that one out of a tree, to prevent burning seedlings at high temperatures. When it grows to four leaves, carefully examine the lateral branches that grow in the membrane and allow it to grow normally. Pay attention to open hole when the seedlings, the size of the hole should be appropriate to 3 cm is appropriate; while sealing the gap with fine soil.
Sixth, timely Miao Miao Qimiao timely check seedlings to make up for shortages, reseeding seeds the best soaking germination (to expose only the radicle is appropriate); make up seedlings with seedling age of 3 to 4 leaves seedlings transplanted with soil as well.
Seventh, do a good job spray fertilizer, chemical control film peanuts need a large amount of fertilizer. The initial flowering period uses 50-100 grams of borax per acre to spray 50 kg of water evenly on the foliage. At the end of the flowering period, for long-term trend fields, 15% of paclobutrazol per acre is sprayed on 100 kg of water and 50 kg of foliar water. In order to increase the seed setting rate, the extra-root fertilizer is applied at the final flowering stage, spraying 1% urea or 0.2% to 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution once per mu.
VIII. In case of leaf spot, rust, and blight disease prevention and control, 40% carbendazim 500 times and other drugs can be used for prevention and treatment. Peanut pests mainly include earthworms (land pests) and aphids (foliar pests). In the fertile fields where pods have been grown for many years, there has been a large number of fertile fields. If they are not properly controlled, 20% to 30% of the fields will be lost and more than 50% of serious fields will be lost. For the control of earthworms, phoxim (0.5 kg/mu) and other chemicals and fine soil (25 kg/mu) can be mixed and mixed into poisonous soil, which can be spread at the time of sowing. When locusts appear, dimethoate can be used for foliar spray control.
Nine, timely harvest When the upper leaves of peanut plants turn yellow, the middle and lower leaves from green to yellow and gradually fall off, most of the pods hardened, clear lines, full of seed, to grab the sunny harvest.
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